There are three most memorable dates in the history of the United Nations: on 25th April 1945 representatives of 50 countries gathered in San Francisco to start the United Nations Conference on International Organization.
Together with non-governmental organizations they worked for two months on drafting a Charter for the United Nations, which was signed on 26th June of the same year. Due to internal political instability Poland was unable to sign the charter by 15th October, though it is regarded as one of founder states.
The charter was to come into effect when it is ratified by the current Permanent Members of the Security Council: the Republic of China, France, Russia (at that time the Soviet Union), the United Kingdom, the United States and the majority of the other 46 signatories. This took place on 24th October 1945 – the United Nations was officially established. This date has been celebrated every as the United Nations Day since 1948.
However, the very foundations of the United Nations had been laid earlier. The idea of setting up a peace-keeping organization came up during the First World War and was realized through the creation of the League of Nations, which proved to be ineffective in achieving its goals. While establishing the rules of procedure of the United Nations, the founder delegates bore in mind avoiding the weaknesses of the predecessor. However, some successful bodies of the League of Nations such as the International Labour Organization were preserved and came under control of the new organization.
UN Youth National Conference
The Conference will be held in Canberra. Delegates will explore the theme ‘Forces of Change’, examining advocacy on both an international and local level. They will learn about the way that Australia and other nations work to enact change through the United Nations and other multinational forums, as well as examples of advocacy within our national borders. Over the course of the week, delegates will also develop the skills necessary to advocate for change in their own communities.